CS3DP Forum 1 was hosted by Washington University in St. Louis, and took place February 5th, 6th, and a half-day on the 7th 2018. The meeting brought together librarians, curators, faculty, and other professionals from the United States and abroad to work toward development of standards for 3D data preservation. This kick-off event included presentations by expert panelists (AVAILABLE ONLINE HERE), group discussions, poster presentations, and the formation of project working groups. Additional information about the event can be found on the event website.
Forum 1 Discussion Topics
1. Preservation best practices
Example areas of interest- How do existing practices for digital preservation apply to digital 3D data? What are current digital curation practices and how do they translate to 3D data? What guidance exists or is being developed to provide steps for forward migration and format longevity of 3D data? What is raw 3D data and how do we record digital provenance? How can we work around proprietary file formats? How can producers determine which data should be preserved?
Example areas of interest- What data should be kept over the long term? How does one track digital provenance? Should we track digital provenance? What constitutes a master/archival copy? What options are being evaluated for storage of large data sets “in perpetuity”? Cost/benefit analysis for storage solutions? What challenges are repositories facing with this data type?
3. Metadata Standards
Example areas of interest- Why do we need metadata standards development? How are standards developed? Given the lack of agreed upon standards for 3D data, what solutions are institutions currently using? What are users’ needs regarding metadata for discovery vs. use? Who are the targeted users? What constitutes the minimal metadata for inclusion in a repository? How can linked metadata be developed for improved workflows. How to handle metadata associated with the physical object being scanned vs. the metadata associated with the 3D representation? What would be required for data clean up or migration for previously unstandardized data?
Suggested Readings: Curating Research Data, Step 5.0: Descriptive Metadata
Example areas of interest- What is the current interpretation of copyright law to 3D Data in the U.S. and abroad, and is it appropriate? What can be learned from case studies of copyright from other media? Who owns the data? Who owns copyright on collaborative project data? What are strategies for negotiating agreements for content with limited rights due to permits or cultural sensitivity?
Suggested Readings: 3D Scanning: A World Without Copyright
Example areas of interest- What platforms are being used to share 3D data? What challenges are repositories facing? In what state are users expecting 3D access? How is the lack of consistent metadata standards impacting the ability to discover and share 3D data? How can linked metadata impact discoverability. Who are the targeted users? What properties related to a 3D resource should be searchable?
Suggested Readings: Curating Research Data, Step 6.0: Access; Step 8.0: Reuse
To read the Forum 1 summary report, or view any of the presentations, please see our repository. Details about the panelists is below.
Lisa Johnston – Lisa R. Johnston is a Librarian at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities and currently leads the Libraries’ Research Data Management/Curation program and serves as the Co-Director for the University Digital Conservancy, the University of Minnesota’s institutional repository. In 2014 Johnston led the development and launch of the Data Repository for the University of Minnesota (DRUM), and oversees a team of six data curation specialists to curate the diverse research data generated by a large multidisciplinary institution. Johnston is the PI of the Data Curation Network project, launched in 2016 with funding by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, that brings together nine institutions into a shared staffing model for data curation thereby expanding the scope of skills and expertise beyond what any single institution could offer alone. Johnston co-edited the book Data Information Literacy: Librarians, Data, and the Education of a New Generation of Researchers, released by Purdue University Press in 2015 and more recently edited and wrote the two-volume set, Curating Research Data: Vol. 1 Practical Strategies for your Digital Repository and Vol 2: A Handbook of Current Practice released by ACRL in 2017. Link: https://www.lib.umn.edu/about/staff/lisa-johnston
Francis Pierce-McManamon – Frank McManamon is a Research Professor and the Executive Director of the Center for Digital Antiquity at Arizona State University, an organization devoted to broadening and improving the ease of access to archaeological information and to the long-term preservation of archaeological information. Prior to joining Digital Antiquity, McManamon worked for the US National Park Service, serving as the Chief Archeologist of the National Park Service (1995–2009) and the Departmental Consulting Archeologist of the Department of the Interior (1991–2009). He is the author of articles, commentaries, and reviews on a variety of topics related to American archaeology. He is coauthor and coeditor of Caring for Digital Data in Archaeology: A Guide to Good Practice (2013; with Adam Brin and Kieron Niven). He is the general editor of a 4-volume encyclopedia, Archaeology in America (2009), which was named as an outstanding reference work by the American Library Association in 2010. His most recent book, which he edited, is New Perspectives in Cultural Resource Management (Routledge, 2018). Dr. McManamon graduated from Colgate University in 1973; he received his Ph.D. degree from the State University of New York at Binghamton (1984). He has been involved in archeological investigations in eastern North America, Western Europe, and Micronesia. In 1998–2000, he lead the US government’s investigation of the Kennewick Man skeletal remains from Washington State.
Kieron Niven – Kieron has worked as a Digital Archivist at the Archaeology Data Service since 2003 and has undertaken the archiving of a number of larger research projects including the Historic Landscape Characterisation programme and the Channel Tunnel Rail Link. As the ADS Data Standards lead he has been responsible for the development of the ADS Guides to Good Practice through various projects, most notably the 2009-11 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded project in conjunction with Digital Antiquity and tDAR. Most recently (2013-16) the Guides have been developed through input from thirteen European partner organisations as part of the ARIADNE project.
Doug Boyer – Doug Boyer is an assistant Professor in the department of evolutionary anthropology at Duke where his research focuses on early primate evolution and he teaches courses in human evolution, human gross anatomy, comparative methods, and more. He is Director and founder of MorphoSource a web archive for 3D data representing museum objects with a primary focus on natural history collections. The background that led him to start MorphoSource includes 6 years of work on the collection staff at the University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology while an undergraduate, extensive experience using a broad range 3D scanners for making digital models of specimens, postdoctoral work in bioinformatics designing databases for archiving and sharing 3D models, and setting up and directing Duke’s open-use microCT facility for two years. MorphoSource has existed since 2013, is supported by 3 NSF grants as well as long term commitment from the University and aims to stimulate the development of a reliable infrastructure for archving and finding 3D data on natural history and cultural heritage objects.
Andrea d’Andrea – Arts degree, Università degli Studi di Napoli L’Orientale, 1987 Ph.D. in Archaeology, Università degli Studi di Napoli L’Orientale, 1992 Post-Doc fellowship on the computer applications in archaeology, 1995 Since 1990, Andrea has been involved as archaeologist, database manager, GIS analyst and 3D modeller in several archaeological projects at major archaeological sites in Italy (Ercolano, Pompei, Pontecagnano, Cuma) and abroad (Cyprus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Jordan, Turkey, Yemen, Saudi Arabia). He worked as a researcher in various European Projects (EPOCH, COINS, CHIRON, 3DCOFORM, 3DICONS) addressed to highlight the potential of digital technologies for valorization and management of Cultural Heritage. Andrea is a member of the Board of Advisors of London Charter “For the Use of 3D Visualisation in the Research and Communication of Cultural Heritage” He has given more than 100 papers at national and international conferences on archaeology and computing and published articles on similar topics. For a complete list of the publications please see: https://unior.academia.edu/AndreaDAndrea
Christina Harlow – Christina Harlow works with data. She has previously held the job titles metadata specialist, metadata librarian, and data analyst. She currently likes to call herself data operations engineer for the Stanford University Libraries.
Julie Hardesty – Julie Hardesty is the Metadata Analyst at Indiana University Libraries. She works with metadata for digital collections held and managed by IU Libraries, establishing standards to use and requirements for discoverability, access, and sharing. This work encompasses a variety of materials including two-dimensional still images and documents, audiovisual materials, and 3D digital objects on projects including Avalon Media System, Imago, Archives Online, and the IU Media Digitization and Preservation Initiative. Her work with metadata for 3D digital objects arises from the needs presented by the collections at Indiana University. https://libraries.indiana.edu/julie-hardesty
Jon Blundell – Jon Blundell is a 3D Digitization Program Officer from the Smithsonian’s Digitization Program Office. His work focuses primarily on developing infrastructure and strategies for scalable 3D digitization within the institution. When not at work, he spends his time playing D&D and pinball. If you know of any good place to play pinball in St. Louis, he would be very interested to hear. http://dpo.si.edu/staff
Kyle Courtney – Kyle K. Courtney, a lawyer and librarian, is Copyright Advisor for Harvard University, working out of the Office for Scholarly Communication. He works closely with Harvard Library to establish a culture of shared understanding of copyright and related legal topics within the Harvard community. He co-founded Fair Use Week, his “Copyright First Responders” initiative was profiled in Library Journal in 2013, and he was named a National Academic Library Mover & Shaker in 2015. Kyle is a published author and nationally recognized speaker on the topic of copyright, technology, libraries, and the law. You can find him on Twitter @FairUseWeek, @KyleKCourtney, and at kylecourtney.com
Melissa Levine – Melissa Levine is Lead Copyright Officer at the University of Michigan Library providing guidance on copyright policy and practice in the university context, who has wide-ranging experience in museum policy and management. She was the Exhibits and Outreach Librarian, University of Michigan Library (2008); Acting Director, Frost Art Museum, Florida International University (2007); Associate Director for Finance and Administration at the Wolfsonian Museum (2003-2007); and Acting Curator of the World Bank’s Art program (2001-2003). At the Smithsonian Institution, she handled licensing and contract negotiations for publishing, product development, electronic rights, audiovisual media, exhibitions, and festivals (1990-1996). Ms. Levine was Assistant General Counsel and Legal Advisor for the Library of Congress’ National Digital Library Project, working on cutting-edge issues of digital preservation and Internet access for American history primary materials in print, text, image, music, sound recordings, and film media (1996-2001). She developed copyright and other rights and permissions policies for worldwide dissemination of collections online, advised senior management on intellectual property and related business and strategic issues. Ms. Levine holds a B.A. from Emory University (history and art history) and a law degree from the University of Miami School of Law. https://www.lib.umich.edu/users/mslevine
Jamie Wittenberg – Jamie Wittenberg is the Research Data Management Librarian and Head of the Scholarly Communication Department at Indiana University Libraries. Prior to her appointment at Indiana University, Jamie was the service manager for the Research Data Management program at UC Berkeley. Jamie’s work on 3D preservation is in partnership with the Research Data Alliance, where she is a 2017-2018 Data Share Fellow. Her research interests include the long-term preservation of born-digital and digitized scholarship, open access publishing, and the stewardship of research data. Here is the link to my faculty profile page: https://libraries.indiana.edu/jamie-wittenberg
Angel Nieves – Angel David Nieves is Associate Professor of History and Digital Humanities at San Diego State University (SDSU) in the Area of Excellence in Digital Humanities and Global Diversity. He was, most recently, Associate Professor and Co-Director of the Digital Humanities Initiative (DHi) at Hamilton College (2008-2017). Nieves’s 3D digital edition entitled, Apartheid Heritages: A Spatial History of South Africa’s Township’s (http://www.apartheidheritages.org) brings together modelling, immersive technologies and digital ethnography in the pursuit of documenting human rights violations in apartheid-era South Africa (Stanford University Press, under consideration). He recently completed a new book project entitled, An Architecture of Education: African American Women Design the New South, with the University of Rochester Press for their series “Gender and Race in American History” (June, 2018). Nieves is also currently working on a new volume in the Debates in the Digital Humanities Series (w/Senier & McGrail) and on a special collaborative issue of American Quarterly (2018) on DH in the field of American Studies. He serves on the Modern Language Association’s (MLA) Committee on Information Technology (2016-2019). He sits on the Boards of the New York State’s Humanities Council (2017-2020) and the Society for American City and Regional Planning History (2018-2021). Nieves (2017-2018) is Presidential Visiting Associate Professor at Yale University in the Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Program and is an affiliate in the Yale Digital Humanities Laboratory (DHLa
Narcisse Mbunzama – Narcisse Mbunzama is a dual citizen of DRCongo and Sweden. He holds a master degree in computer science and works on 3D cultural preservation and related projects in DRCongo for Nordic Group. Narcisse lives in DRCongo and he’s fluent in French, Swedish and English.